Sexual Assault is defined to involve acts of a sexual nature carried out against the victim’s will through force, intimidation or coercion or any attempt to do this. It includes rape, attempted rape, aggravated sexual assault and indecent assault. Unwanted sexual touching is separately considered under ‘sexual harassment’. Sexual threat includes face-to-face threats of a sexual nature where the victim believed the threats able and likely to be carried out.
This a complex area but to give an overview it could be explained simply as "Harassment is talking or writing or acting in a manner that is obvious related to sexual activities" In a workplace situation it is defined as unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favours and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature when:
1. Submission to such conduct is made either implicitly or explicitly a term or condition of employment.
2. Submission to or rejection of such conduct is used as a basis for employment decisions.
3. Such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual’s work performance or creating an intimidating, hostile or offensive working environment.
4. This definition also encompasses unwelcome display or communication of sexually offensive materials.